The Kidneys function to filtrates blood and remove nitrogenous waste compounds which are harmful to the body when they are left to accumulate. The functional unit of the kidney is the nephron and when the kidney is incompletely functioning, its shows that the nephron has been affected. Kidney deficiency could be chronic or acute depending on the cause. The treatment of kidney deficiency is dependent on the cause and the severity of the disease. When treated early, many people recover early and continue living a normal life.
Causes of Kidney Deficiency
Some Kidney deficiencies are caused by inherited disorders like kidney or renal calculi. These are popularly known as kidney stones, and they are caused by excess calcium deposits in the kidney. They cause obstructive kidney failure, and you might not be able to pass urine if they block the urinary tract. The second cause of kidney deficiency is infection from pathogens like bacteria, viruses and other pathogens. These normally cause chronic kidney deficiency, and when left untreated for long, they can make the kidney tissue to become necrotic. The third cause is trauma involving the kidney like bullets, penetrating arrows or assault cases. This causes acute kidney failure, but when the traumatizing agent is removed, recovery normally becomes quick and easy.
Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Failure or Deficiency
The clinical signs that are observable on physical assessment include swelling of both the lower limbs, reduced urine output, feeling of tiredness and fatigue. Sometimes urination of blood, hematuria is present, and patient may complain of difficulty in urinating. Lab investigations will reveal low glomerular filtration rate, increased Urea in blood, reduced creatinine clearance and increased accumulation of Bicarbonates. Depending on the findings, treatment varies from client to client.
Treatment of the Kidney Deficiency
If it is due to kidney stones, two treatment options are available. The first one is to take medication that will neutralize the stones if they are still small. If they are large in size and number, surgery may be indicated to remove them so that you clear the urinary tract. If the Kidney deficiency is caused by infections, lab investigations should be done to find the infecting agent and treat it with the appropriate anti-biotic. If the antibiotics are used without knowing the causative agent, resistance might occur, and this could complicate the condition further. If the renal insufficiency is due to trauma, then the traumatizing object should be removed, the kidney sutured and patient put on a maximum bed rest for quick recovery.
The bottom line is that kidney deficiency has different causes. If you identify the causes, it will be easy for you to treat the kidney problem. When left untreated, the severity of the condition keeps on increasing, and you might have to undergo a kidney transplant for you to survive. It is good for you to undergo intensive diagnostic measures so that the real cause of the condition is identified before any form of treatment is initiated. You can check at this review for detailed information about kidney deficiency.